Types of Lung Cancer

There are two main types of lung cancer, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Approximately 75-80% of presenting cases are NSCLC, and 20-25% SCLC.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

SCLC may have neuroendocrine features as it is thought to arise from cells derived from the neural crest, but separate neuroendocrine tumours may also arise in the lungs, such as malignant carcinoid tumours.

Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

NSCLC is divided into several subtypes, squamous cell carcinomas, adenocarcinomas, undifferentiated cercinomas and large cell carcinomas. There are also subgroups within these classifications, such as bronchoalveolar carcinoma, a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with a particular intra-alveolar distribution. Squamous cell carcinomas are the largest subgroup in the UK.

Overall, the differences within the groups are small and all subgroups of NSCLC are generally treated in the same way, and are therefore grouped together.

Mesothelioma

Mesotheliomas can be divided into three main histological types: epithelial, sarcomatous and mixed. The epithelial type is the most common, probably occurring in about two-thirds of cases, and the sarcomatous type is less common but associated with a more aggressive pattern of disease.

"The treatment I received from the team was excellent. Throughout my journey, Dr Nutting explained the treatment and was a calm and reassuring influence at a difficult time. I would not hestitate to recommend Dr Nutting and his excellent team for anyone dealing with Cancer"
John Smith, Wimbledon

Read more patient journeys

Clinical Team

Here for you

Prof Nutting treats both private and NHS patients, learn about the practice and Prof Nutting's clinical teams here.

patients

Arrange a Consultation

Complete our simple contact form
to get in touch.